Gevaert, Lieven (& Cie)

Identity

Category

Person (Male)

Alternative name or descriptor

  • Société franco-belge pour la fabrication de produits photographiques

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Status

  • Professional / Connected

Details

Life dates

Antwerp, 1868 - The Hague [NL], 1935

Activity

1889 * - 1894 / Anvers, Montignystraat 159
Lievenus Franciscus Ludovicus, ° 28.5.1868; + 2.2.1935. Born into a working class family, he completed several photographic apprenticeships. From January until August 1886 he lived in Charleroi where he worked at Prosper Bevierre’s studio using Van Monckhoven’s carbon emulsions. He probably then worked for one or more Antwerp photographers. At the end of 1887 he was engaged as an operator and retoucher by Marguerite Hareux (widow of Victor Daveluy) in Bruges, then by her brother-in-law Edouard Daveluy (see that name). He collaborated on Daveluy’s urban views which received an award in Barcelona in 1888, which is the reason why the medal awarded was at one time reproduced by Gevaert on his own mounts. He stayed with Daveluy until 1889 living in Bruges until March. A persistent rumour has Gevaert completing an apprenticeship at Henkart & Laoureux in Liège.
Back in Antwerp in March 1889 he opened a studio with the help of his widowed mother, Maria Theresia Bruynseels (1840-1919). He was a photographer on porcelain (opalotypy), but this activity was only one aspect of his numerous activities in the field. He is said to have tried to manufacture plates about 1889. The "Antwerpia" plates have been attributed to him (between 1888 and 1891, but this is a mere supposition). He manufactured photographic paper by means of a small machine he invented himself which applied emulsion continuously. Papers manufactured: Calcium, 1891; Albumen, 1894; Blue Star, 1895; Gevaert Mat, 1903; Ronix, 1904; Ridax, Casoidine and Ortho Brom, 1905. In 1891 he recruited his first collaborator, Henri Kuijpers.
1894 */ Anvers - Kiel, Schijfstraat 22
1894 * - 1896 / Anvers, Anselmostraat 97
On 28.6.1894, Gevaert founded the company "L. Gevaert & Cie", the starting capital of which amounted to 20,000 francs. The factory was situated in Anselmostraat from 15.7.1894 until 30.6.1896. Printed CV mounts, etc. He recruited Edward Van Breedam on 1.5.1894. Sales in the Netherlands from 1894, in France and Germany in 1895. In 1895, opening of a sales outlet in Paris. In 1896 - 1897, subsidiary in Paris (Pierre Koep, then H. Brunet); branch in Paris: Rue du Faubourg Saint-Martin, 178.
1896 * - 1912 Mortsel - Oude God, Heilig Kruisstraat [= Kerkstraat]
"Franco-Belgian company for the manufacture of photographic products". In 1896 it employed 12 people. In 1905 it was the biggest manufacturer of photographic paper in Belgium. In 1901 an agency was opened in Vienna (Carl Hackl, Austria-Hungary) then in 1906 in Berlin (Carl Hackl), Milan (Kodato Rossi) and Moscow (E. Beaumont). Gevaert occupied the 'Villa Jenny' in the same street from 1897 until May 1905, then moved to Leopoldslei 168 (now Belgiëlei).
1905 * - 1935 + Mortsel - Luithagen, Septestraat 9 (factory), 10 (after 05)
In 1920 the company adopted the name "Gevaert Photo-Producten N.V." Lieven Gevaert died in The Hague [NL] where he had gone to spend a few days resting. The Lieven Gevaert archive is now managed by FoMu - Museum of Photography, Antwerp.

Locations

1889 * - 1894 / Anvers, Montignystraat 159
1894 */ Anvers - Kiel, Schijfstraat 22
1894 * - 1896 / Anvers, Anselmostraat 97
1896 * - 1912 Mortsel - Oude God, Heilig Kruisstraat [=Kerkstraat]
1905 * - 1935 + Mortsel - Luithagen, Septestraat 9 (factory) 10 (after 05)

Exhibitions

Brussels, 1891; Antwerp, 1894; Louvain, 1896; Liège, 1905 (Diplôme de grand prix); Dresden, 1909 ("Gevaert-Werke, Direktion Carl Hackl", Berlin & Vienna); Brussels, 1910 (Diplôme de grand prix); Brussels, 1911 (series of prints on various papers).
On promotional meterial: Milan, 1906 (grand prix); Moscow, 1907 (grand prix); Ghent, 1913 (branded printing-out and developing-out papers; hors concours).

Genres / subject matter

Techniques

Bibliography/Webography

(MEEÙS, John et al.). Lieven Gevaert. De mens en zijn werk. Gedenkboek uitgegeven ter gelegenheid van het 60-jarig bestaan van de N.V. Gevaert Photo-Producten. Leuven, 1955, 271 pp.
(ROOSENS, Laurent & VAN DEUREN, Karel). Lieven Gevaert 1868-1935. Herdenking van de 50e verjaardag van zijn overlijden. Mortsel, 1985, 39 pp.
ROOSENS, Laurent, JANSSENS, Willem & NOOYENS, Frans. Arbeid Adelt. Een geschiedenis van de door Lieven Gevaert opgerichte fotografische industrie, I, de pioniersjaren, 1894-1920. Mortsel, Agfa-Gevaert, 1993, 293 pp.

Context

Affiliations

Affiliated entity

Association belge de Photographie

Type of affiliation

Member of

Dates of affiliation

1891 - 1914

Description of relationship

Management

Record source

DIRECTORY_1997#1853

Identity of institution

FotoMuseum Provincie Antwerpen

Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation/revision

SFJ revised 24.1.2017, 30.7.2017, 4.5.2018, 28.2.2019, 5.3.2019 & 18.4.2019; revised 11.5.2019 & 5.6.2019 based on information supplied by M. Demaeght

Language(s)

Script(s)

Sources

Maintenance notes

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